Wells Family Genealogy

The study of my Family Tree

15 May 2016: Brigadier General Clark Crandall of Hopkinton and Alfred May 15, 2016

I was cleaning up some notes in my genealogy database and spent the afternoon polishing up my notes for my great, great, great-grandfather, Clark Crandall (1785-1862.) Clark is one the ancestors in my family tree that I wish I could go back in time and talk to so I could glean some of the finer details of his life that are conspicuously missing from the records left behind.

What finer details, you ask … well, for one, what is his father’s name.  Clark was born 17 April 1785 in Hopkinton, Washington County, Rhode Island to Jane Crandall.  Problem is, in all the records, Jane is always listed as mother but there is never a mention of his father’s identity.  I find this odd because it’s as if no one is ashamed of this fatherless fact.  I would have thought that back in 1785, an unmarried mother would wreak havoc with records, the disgrace of an unwed mother and all.  It’s almost like there was no shame in the birth, as if for some reason it was acceptable to society which I think highly unlikely.

Another odd fact of Clark is that I see mentions of him being a brigadier general in historical books, but none of them military related.  I mean there’s not mention one of him on http://www.fold3.com, the military genealogy site.  You’d think there’s be some record of him there if he served long enough to attain such a high rank.

Anyway, just to share what I’ve collected on Grandpa Clark, here are my notes:

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Documents of the Senate of the State of New York, Volume 11,

Page 2073

Year: 1819

Battalion of infantry in the county of Steuben commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Simeon Bacon:

Charles Oliver, adjutant

One Hundred and Twenty-sixth regiment of infantry:

Clark Crandall, colonel.

____

Page 2194

Year: 1820

Allegany County.

New Brigade organized, consisting of the militia in the county of Allegany, and denominated the Fifty-second brigade of infantry:

Clark Crandall, brigadier general.

The One Hundred and Twenty-sixth regiment of infantry is the county of Allegany being organized into four battalions, Resolved that the following officers be and they are hereby appointed, viz.:

Battalion in the town of Alfred:

Alexander Head, major commandant; David Crandall, adjutant.

Asa Coon, captain; Joseph Goodrich, Lieutenant; Dennis Saunders, ensign.

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1820 US Federal Census, Alfred, Allegany, New York, Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820 (Original Record available on Ancestry.com)

  • Name: Clark Crandall
  • Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 1 (William Ladurney: Age 8)
  • Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 5
  • Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44: 1 (Clark: Age 35)
  • Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 2 (Amelia Jane: Age 1, Orpha: Age 16)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: 1
  • Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44: 1 (Amelia: Age 32)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over : 1
  • Number of Persons – Engaged in Agriculture: 5
  • Free White Persons – Under 16: 3
  • Free White Persons – Over 25: 3
  • Total Free White Persons: 12
  • Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 12

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1830 US Federal Census, Alfred, Allegany, New York  (Original Record available on Ancestry.com)

  • Name: Clark Crandall
  • Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 1 (Ira: Age 8)
  • Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 1
  • Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 2 (William Ladurney: Age 18)
  • Free White Persons – Males – 40 thru 49: 1 (Clark: Age 45)
  • Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 2 (Susan: Age 1, Mary Elizabeth, Age 4)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Eleanor Matilda: Age 6)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 (Amelia Jane: Age 11)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1 (Orpha: Age 16)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1(Amelia: Age 42)
  • Free White Persons – Under 20: 9
  • Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
  • Total Free White Persons: 11
  • Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 11

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1840 US Federal Census: Alfred, Allegany, New York  (Original Record available on Ancestry.com)

  • Name: Clark Crandall
  • Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (Ira: Age 18)
  • Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59: 1 (Clark, Age 55)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Amanda: Age 9)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 2 (Susan: Age 10, Mary Elizabeth, Age 14)
  • Free White Persons – Females – 50 thru 59: 1 (Amelia, Age 52)
  • Persons Employed in Agriculture: 3
  • Free White Persons – Under 20: 4
  • Total Free White Persons: 6
  • Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 6

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1850 US Federal Census: Alfred, Allegany, New York, Family Number 307, Dated 9 Sept 1850, Page 40  (Original Record available on Ancestry.com)

  • Clark Crandall (Head) Age 65 … Born In RI … Occ: Farmer … Value of Real Estate Owned: 50
  • Amelia Crandall (Wife) Age 61 … Born in RI … No Occupation Listed
  • Ira B Crandall (Son) Age 28 … Born in NY … No Occupation Listed … Value of Real Estate Owned: 2000
  • Harriet L Crandall (Daughter-in-law)… Female … Age 27 … Born in NY
  • Samuel S Warner … Male … Age 20 … Born in NY … Occ: Carpenter
  • Daniel B Crandall (Relationship Unknown) Male … Age 22 … Born in NY … No Occupation Listed
  • James Gorden … Male … Age 20 … Born in NY … No Occupation Listed
  • Jenette Stickney … Female … Age 17 … Born in NY … No Occupation Listed

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New York State Census: Alfred, Allegany, New York, Household number: 61, Line Number: 53  (Original Record available on Ancestry.com)

  • Clark Crandall (Head) Age 70 … Born in RI … Value of house: 500 … Occ: Hard to read, might be “none”
  • Amelia Crandall (Wife) Age 66 … Born in RI … No Occ listed.

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1860 US Federal Census: Alfred, Allegany, New York July 31, 1860, Dwelling # and Family #: 567, Page 72, Post Office: Andover.  (Original Record available on Ancestry.com)

  • Clark Crandall (Head) Age: 75 … Occupation: Grocery Man … Place of Birth: RI
  • Amelia Crandall (Wife) Age 71 … Occ: House Labor … … Place of Birth: RI

NOTE: Two doors down on the Census is their daughter Orpha and her family: Phineas C. Stillman, Orpha Stillman, Ellinor Stillman, Albert S.Stillman, Amelia E. Stillman, Mary Stillman

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First Alfred Seventh Day Baptist Church, Membership Records (1816-1886)

By Ilou M. Sanford, 1995, Heritage Books, Inc. Pages 27-32 (From the Seventh Day Baptist Historical Society)

Page number listed below is as noted in the book as the page that the record comes from in the original text., Page.29

Judge Clark Crandall

b Hopkinton Apr 17, 1785 , ad ’16, d Alfred Nov 9’62 … m abt 1810 Amelia Vincent sis/o David; ex Sep 5’47

(Abbreviations: ad = admitted, d = died, ex = excluded, b = born, m = married)

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Allegany County and it People: A Centennial Memorial History of Allegany County, New York, John S. Minard, Esq. Historian, Mrs. Georgia Drew Andrews, Editor. W. A. Fergusson & Co., Alfred, N. Y. 1896,

History of Alfred, New York

ALFRED. BY SILAS C. BURDICK. CHAPTER LV. REMINISCENCES BY ETHAN LANPHEAR

Page 633:

…..Amos Crandall, Clark Crandall and Maxson Stillman used to act as choristers alternately, always standing in front of the pulpit to lead the congregation in singing….. (Re – the Alfred, NY 7th Day Baptist Church)

Page 648:

Judge Clark Crandall was born in Hopkinton, RI, April 17, 1785. His family removed to Petersburg, Rensselaer Co., in 1793, and from there he came on foot, in 1807, with two companions, and became one of the three first settlers of the present town of Alfred. He married Amelia Vincent during the first year of his residence in the town. Descended from ancestors who had been prominent in public affairs, strong and resolute, he at once assumed the position of a leader which he continued to hold during his lifetime. His first public office was that of a commissioner for the opening of roads. He was a constituent member of the First Seventh Day Baptist Church of Alfred in 1813, and supervisor of the town in 1814 and 1815, and town clerk three terms. He was made captain of the militia in 1811, second major in 1812, colonel of the 126th regiment of the state militia in 1819, and brigadier general in 1820. He established the first manufactory in the town, wooden pails, built the first courthouse in Allegany county in 1819, represented the county in the state legislature in 1820-21, and was one of the presidential electors of the state in 1832. Having been made a justice of sessions he was called “Judge Crandall” during the remainder of his lifetime. Always engaged in business enterprises, he was subject to varying fortunes financially. In 1836 he succeeded Luke Greene in the tanning and currying business at Alfred, and some years later he engaged in the cheese trade, finding markets mostly in Pennsylvania for the dairy product of his town, which he conveyed thither over the “Laurel Mountains” in wagons. This was the beginning of a business which has since assumed large proportions. Honest, persistent, public-spirited and kind hearted to a fault, he served his generation well and died in Alfred November 6, 1862, aged 77 years. His son, Ira B., and his youngest daughter, Amanda, wife of William C. Burdick, are still living in Alfred.”

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The Sabbath Recorder“, Vol 18, No 49, p 195, Dec. 4, 1862.

In Alfred, N. Y., November 9, 1862, of liver complaint, Mr. Clark Crandall, better known as Judge Crandall, aged 77 years, 6 months, and 22 days. He was born in Rhode Island, 1785, moved to Petersburgh, N. Y., and to Alfred in 1807,being one of the first three settlers in the town, and assisted in organizing the 1st Seventh-day Baptist Church in that town. In 1820 he was elected Member of the Assembly, and afterwards held the office of County Judge of Allegany for three years. When the Town of Almond was set off from Alfred, in 1821, he was a member of the Assembly. At that time many towns were being formed in the western part of the State, and there was much wrangling and disputing about names. The Judge had taxed brain to think of one for this town, but could not satisfy himself. The morning that the bill came up, just before it was called, a boy came through the crowd selling almonds; he bought some, and at the same time the thought struck him that Almond was just the name he wanted, and handed it in. It was immediately adopted; but its eccentricity attracted the attention of the members, and many perplexed for names, came to ask him where he found his. ‘I bought it of a boy,’ replied the Judge. Perhaps no one man did as much to build up the town of Alfred, in its first settlement as he. He was always noted for his resolution and public spirit, and it followed him till the last. He only gave up when his strength became so reduced that he could no longer walk. There was a large circle of friends in attendance at his funeral, though a majority of his own family were absent in distant parts of the United States and South America. He will be greatly missed in the town of Alfred.

N. W.

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If you have any additional info on Clark, let me know and I’ll update this post.

-Jennifer

Jennifer Geoghan, genealogist and author of The Purity of Blood novel series and If Love is a Lie: A Partly True Love Story.

I’d love to hear from you! So click on “Leave A Comment” below and let me know what’s on your mind.

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2 Responses to “15 May 2016: Brigadier General Clark Crandall of Hopkinton and Alfred”

  1. Jennifer, I am interested in knowing more about your Crandall research. In particular the Aroostook County Maine branch. My late husband’s line is Rev Joseph. We visited New Brunsick, found documents in Fredrickton and visited the site of the first church and his grave. Also the university he founded. His son Joseph moved to Maine and the line continues. I have lots of info and would be glad to share. I am trying to figure your line from Joeph down.
    We should talk. Carole


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